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So far Melissa Butcher has created 15 blog entries.

February 2018



The Cheyenne speak an Algonquian language that is related to languages of the Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cree, Gros Ventre, and the Ojibwa. Prior to the adoption of the horse, the Cheyenne lived a semi-sedentary life, inhabiting the “mosaic of woodland, prairie, and plains habitats” of modern day Minnesota west of the Great Lakes (Moore et [...]




The three main groups in the tribe are the Pikuni or the Piegan, Kainah (Many Chiefs) or the Blood, and the Siksika or the Blackfeet (Ewers 1958; Schoenberg 1961). The Piegan occupied the western portion in the mountains of their territory with the Blood northeast of Piegan and the Northern Blackfeet northeast of the [...]




The Assiniboine are a Siouan-speaking people closely related to Sioux and Stoney Tribes. The Assiniboine oral tradition states that they emerged as an independent tribe in the seventeenth century when they broke off from the Yanktonai Sioux (Keating 1824; Mooney and Thomas in Hodge 1907-1910). The Stoney Tribe developed from the Assiniboine and became [...]




The Arikara are the northern-most Caddoan-speaking tribe, whose language is thought to be a dialect of Pawnee (Parks 2001). However, while many early travelers noted the distinct linguistic similarities between the various tribes of the historic Arikara and the Pawnee, the two tribe’s languages are not mutually intelligible to modern speakers (Denig 1961; Parks [...]


July 2017



The Arapaho are an Algonquian-speaking group; therefore from a greater language group that also includes the Cree, Blackfoot, Ojibwa, Chippewa, Cheyenne, and Gros Ventre tribes (Lowie 1954). The Arapaho have been recorded as having five divisions within their tribe: the Hit‘un’nno (The Begging People), Baasa w’ une‘nno (The Big Lodge People or Shelter Man), [...]

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